• Chan Weng Tat National University of Singapore, Singapore
  • Zhang Jian National University of Singapore, Singapore



The construction industry accounts for a greater proportion of accidents and facilities than any other industry. Accidents arise due to the complex interplay of factors embedded in the system of work. The multi-faceted nature of the problem means that piece-meal approaches to particular factors will not be productive. The preferred way to enhance construction work safety is to direct effort through a set of rational actions under the purview of a Safety Management System (SMS). However, there are a variety of ways that an SMS can be implemented and there are significant issues with the way SMS are perceived, implemented and audited. The SMS should not just be a list of required activities that addresses a set of safety factors with no explicit identification of the goals pursued and the outcome of these activities. This paper recommends that a SMS should be organized around key processes with clearly defined goals to be pursued. With the new approach, both owners and contractors can better tailor the requirements and design of SMS to their projects rather than view SMS as a burden. A process-centric view enables the characterization of a system in terms of capability and maturity concepts that have gained acceptance in process and service industries. The performance of SMS can be measured on objective criteria based on these two concepts, making it possible to compare SMS during different stages of development, as well as between different projects. This makes benchmarking of performance possible. Finally, a two-dimensional framework allows more implementation flexibility, as well as different development pathways between current and future system profiles, thus extending the benefits of the SMS to a wider range of organizations and projects.

How to Cite
WENG TAT, Chan; JIAN, Zhang. THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONSTRUCTION SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. EACEF - International Conference of Civil Engineering, [S.l.], v. 1, p. 029, aug. 2011. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 may 2024.
Group of Construction Management and Project Management