FIRE PROTECTION AND HISTORIC PRESERVATION: SOME NOTIONS ON THE ROLE OF SAFETY MANAGEMENT. CASE STUDY: WEST AND EAST ASSEMBLY HALL ITB
As highlighted in the UNESCO convention 1972, cultural and natural heritage are increasingly threatened with destruction not merely by the natural causes of decay, but by human-caused disaster. This research deals with questions how far the safety management can play a role in protecting against fire disasters without diminishing the significance the historic buildings. For this purpose, West-assembly and Eastassembly Hall Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) are used as a case study. The research aims to identify fire risk of these two main historic buildings of the ITB campus, and secondly to indicate to what extent retrofitting would be allowed regarding the requirements of retention of significance. The study discovers that the value of cultural significance of these assembly halls is very high, so that changes or damage caused by fire can reduce the value. Given the facts that most building materials are made of timber, thus the fire risk of these prominent buildings of ITB is considered very high too. Following this, such building are vulnerable to fire, since fire can quickly spread to all parts of the building. On the other hand, the installment of fire protection systems, both active and passive, in certain parts of the building, can be done without damaging the authenticity of components and design of the building. However, the protection system must be guaranteed for 24/7 to ensure that the fire does not grow.Otherwise, the installed protection system will be considered ineffective.The study elucidates that the success of mitigation dependson the qualityof protectionmonitoring,maintenanceand control ofthefiresafety of the buildingmanagement of those unique assembly halls. Efforts on fire protection for historic buildingsshould be basednot only upon the magnitude ofthe risk of fire,but also the value of cultural significance should be taken into account. Reliablefiresafety managementis animportantfactorthat plays an important rolein theintegrationbetweenfireprotectionandhistoric preservation.