UNETHICAL BEHAVIOR OF THE CONSTRUCTION PRACTITIONERS IN INDONESIA
Survey carried out by International Transparency (IT) indicating that corruption increased and no exception the construction in Indonesia. Practices that categorized such as Markup of tender price, waste of resources would affect the overall development, especially in sector of construction, and lack of conduciveness in the construction business environment, would cause ineffectiveness to realize the Government budget. Based on the result of the IT survey, it was showed that construction sector tended to be occurred in terms of quantity. Factor influenced unethical behavior of the practitioners included: highly competitive environment, uniqueness of the construction project, difficult to compare the estimate price submitted by the tenderers.This study aims at identifying unethical behavior of the practitioners working in the construction industry in Yogyakarta, Instrument of the study were adopted from a study conducted in South Africa and Australia. Data were collected using questionnaires sending to the contractors, Consultants and owners of the projects. Result of the study showed that 1) most frequent unethical practice in the aspect of the collusion was giving commission in order to win a tender; 2) most frequent in bribery was giving expensive/especially gift and special assistance to the officer without formal procedure; 3) most frequent in the aspect of professional negligence was improper of documentation in contract and drawing; and 4) most frequent of the unfair conduct was theft of material. The study also discuss the comparison of the result of this study with those from South Africa.