THE NEED for STANDARD PRODUCTION INFORMATION of INDONESIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
The Indonesian Construction Industry has played an important role in the national economy. In 2005, the industry’s direct contribution to the gross national product was about 6%, and employed 7-8% of the country’s labor force. However, the industry is mostly populated by a large number of small and medium sized firms, and is considered highly fragmented. The fragmentation has been acknowledged as one of the major causes of performance-related problems facing the industry. Different types of construction information are exchanged between the various parties for the purpose of communicating design, construction and contractual matters. In Indonesia, individual firms have developed their own systems of classifying and disseminating construction information to facilitate this process. Because there is no standardised system of sharing of such information, the complete idea originated from the owner, pass through the designers and the contractors, is partially lost in the process of constructing the desired facilities. Effective communication of high quality production information between designers and constructors is therefore essential for the satisfactory realisation of construction projects. Such standards of production information for construction works have been widely used in the U.S., the U.K. (and Europe); while neighbouring countries have started to adapt these standards as the recommended national systems. In the era of globalization, Indonesian construction industry needs to catch up in developing such standard in order to be competitive. A pilot study was performed to look into the possibility of developing a standard information for construction works. Developing a new standard unique for Indonesian purposes is not reasonable, since in the future it will only become a barrier for playing in the global arena. Thus, a general review of international standards, particularly the widely used classification system developed by the Construction Specification Institute (the MasterFormat), was followed by discussions with architects and contractors. The case study resulted in a classification format for schedule of work which was agreed by designers and contractors. The proposed format was exercised on a medium-rise building. While a wider national study is required, the study concluded that a standard classification system should be developed based on industry players’ widespread familiarity, as well as regional/ international compatibility. The MasterFormat has a good potential for adoption with some adjustments in the structure and the terminology.